Therefore, a form of utilization for the harvested biomass has to be developed. Lupines also produce a wide variety of alkaloid compounds in their leaves that can persist in soils and are thought to, negatively impact the germination of seeds. NOBANIS – Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet – Lupinus polyphyllus. On the other hand, they are truly a beautiful flower that really shines in the green, lush landscape on the North Shore. Sie ist im nordwestlichen Nordamerika heimisch. Therefore, a form of utilization for the harvested biomass has to be developed. The plants are biennial, surviving only two years and shedding all their leaves in winter, introducing new, nutrient-rich organic material into the soil; this gradually makes the soil more amenable to supporting other species too. This can result in genetic … © 2019 by Science Connected, Inc. All Right Reserved. Professionelle Beleuchtungssysteme und Lampen von Lupine für Mountainbike, E-Bike, Outdoor und Sport. Streambank lupine is reported to hybridize with the invasive yellow bush lupine and seashore lupine. During the last decades, Lupinus polyphyllushas invaded gravelly or stony river banks (alluvial sites) along several of the largest rivers in Central Norway. Platycarpos (S.Wats) Kurl. Nutrient-poor soils in marginal habitats are less of a barrier to lupine than to most native plants because of lupine’s two specialized mechanisms for acquiring essential nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. Many lupine species hybridize in the wild. It is commonly used in gardens for its attractiveness to bees, ability to improve poor sandy soils with their nitrogen fixing ability and flowers; numerous cultivars have been selected for differing flower colour, including red, pink, white, blue, and multicoloured with different colours on different petals. For more science news, Unexpected Biodiversity in Iberian Butterflies, “Rotten Egg” Gas’ Surprising Role in Breathing, Your health on COVID-19 stay-at-home orders, The Case of Malignant Cancer in a Dinosaur, Old Family Fishing Photos Unlock the History of Atlantic Fisheries, Citizen science projects featuring insects, spiders and their relatives, Citizen Scientists Fighting Misinformation. October 25, 2016 October 24, 2016 Science Connected invasive species, lupine, Norway, wildflowers. By preventing seeds from germinating around them, lupines further decrease the biodiversity in areas they invade. In Finland, lupines have a bottom-up effect on the ecosystem, decreasing the number and diversity of moths and butterflies occurring in invaded areas, as they are a poor food source for these insects. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Symbiotic bacteria occur in specialized nodules on lupine roots where they convert atmospheric nitrogen into forms the plant can use. 2016. Smaller centers occur in North Africa and the Mediterranean. You seem to have javascript disabled. And this grass, native to South Africa has succeeded in doing exactly that. Photo by Merja Partanen. In many European countries, lupines have escaped from household gardens where they were originally planted for their vivid blossoms. Maintenance work along the dykes and railway lines, including herbicide spraying and mowing, may eventually kill mature plants. See further details. : +354 5 900 500; E-mail: borgthor@ni.is Bibliographical reference – how to cite this fact sheet: Magnusson, B. Department of Grassland Science and Renewable Plant Resources, University of Kassel, Steinstraße 19, 37213 Witzenhausen, Germany. Still, as beautiful as they may be, the lupines out my window in Norway are disturbing the ecosystem and would be better left at home in Canada! A version of this article originally appeared on. 2016; 8(10):998. Biodiversity of semi-natural grasslands is increasingly endangered by successful invasive plant species such as the legume Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. Their efficient nutrient scavenging actually allows lupines to enrich the soil they colonize. Myrtle Spurge or Blue Spurge Myrtle spurge is an invasive ornamental plant that is aggressively growing in open spaces in the west. Another threat comes from hybridization with the invasive (weedy) Yellow Bush Lupine Lupinus arboreus. Control . Although relatively common in the United States, this plant is rare in Canada. In many European countries, lupines have escaped from household gardens where they were originally planted for their vivid blossoms. Biodiversity of semi-natural grasslands is increasingly endangered by successful invasive plant species such as the legume Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. Symbiotic bacteria occur in specialized nodules on lupine roots where they convert atmospheric nitrogen into forms the plant can use. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely Please … GotScience.org translates complex research findings into accessible insights on science, nature, and technology. into the soil, facilitating the uptake of phosphorous. A similar species in Minnesota is Large-leaved Lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus), a non-native introduced by gardeners which has become invasive especially along the north shore of Lake Superior. We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. Who Knew? This study aimed to develop an operational workflow to map the spatial distribution of invasive lupine in grasslands using UAV-borne imageries and OBIA. In order to contain the propagation of this plant species, early and regular harvesting needs to be applied. A version of this article originally appeared on The BioPhiles. Lupinus polyphyllus, the big-leaved lupine, is native to the western United States and Canada, from British Columbia and Alberta south to California and east to Montana, Idaho, and Nevada—but in Norway and the rest of Europe it is an introduced invader. Hensgen, Frank; Wachendorf, Michael. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Annette Otte . The flowers are only blue-violet in color. Their efficient nutrient scavenging actually allows lupines to enrich the soil they colonize. In 2009, only two of the nine histori… It has been introduced to Europe, Australia and New Zealand for ornamental purposes, soil stabilisation and cultivation. I love the vibrant colours, but I have to stop to remind myself that these are not the friendly wildflowers of my Canadian childhood. Still, as beautiful as they may be, the lupines out my window in Norway are disturbing the ecosystem and would be better left at home in Canada! Photo by Merja Partanen. Lupinus polyphyllus, commonly known as garden lupin, is a perennial herb, native to western North America. [tweetthis]Wildflowers can be beautiful, but beware, some are invasive species![/tweetthis]. She is interested in all aspects of science and its intersection with society, and has also worked as a science policy advisor and environmental consultant. Die Alaska-Lupine (Lupinus nootkatensis) ist Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Hülsenfrüchtler (Fabaceae). "The Effect of the Invasive Plant Species Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. Die Vielblättrige Lupine ist in Nordamerika beheimatet, sie wurde in Europa als Zier- und Futterpflanze, sowie zur Bodenverbesserung und als Schutz gegen Erosion eingeführt. GotScience.org translates complex research findings into accessible insights on science, nature, and technology. Julia Wollny . Kristin Ludewig Received: 28 January 2020/Accepted: 20 September 2020 The Author(s) 2020 Abstract Plant invasions are among the key drivers of global biodiversity and ecosystem change. All this could have a negative impact on the Lithuanian natural resources, plant biodiversity and human health. The plants are biennial, surviving only two years and shedding all their leaves in winter, introducing new, nutrient-rich organic material into the soil; this gradually makes the soil more amenable to supporting other species too. Nevertheless, not all species suffer from the presence of these invaders. Please refer to Title 38, Section §419-C Prevention of the spread of invasive aquatic plants for legislation regarding aquatic invasive plant species in Maine. The lupines bloom, and dense swathes of purple, pink, and white blossoms stacked into perfect pillars brighten the countryside. In Europe, it shows signs of invasiveness in all … bioenergy; semi-natural grassland; invasive plant, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Analysis of Farmland Abandonment at Parcel Level: A Case Study in the Mountainous Area of China, Energetic Valorization of Wet Olive Mill Wastes through a Suitable Integrated Treatment: H, The Impact of Albedo Increase to Mitigate the Urban Heat Island in Terni (Italy) Using the WRF Model, Evaluation of Ecological Criteria of Biofuel Certification in Germany. NOBANIS – Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet Lupinus nootkatensis Author of this fact sheet: Borgthor Magnusson, Icelandic Institute of Natural History, P.O.Box 5320, IS-125 Reykjavik, Iceland. This study investigates the effect of L. polyphyllus on the nutrient and mineral composition in a mixture series with semi-natural grassland biomass and examines the changes in nutrient and mineral content through hydrothermal conditioning and mechanical dewatering of silage. It is overall a larger plant with taller spikes and 9 to 17 leaflets. However none are as loved as the lupine and people have not been purposefully spreading them all over the Gunflint Trail. High Power LED Beleuchtung, made in Germany. The lupine is an invasive species that has spread far beyond the intent of its original purpose. It is believed that the Streambank Lupine may have been more widespread along the Fraser Valley before the development of industry. When she’s not in the lab, she’s wandering the forest and the mountains being fascinated by the plants and fungi around her. ,” attracting and sustaining large populations of bumblebees, which can then increase the number of pollinator visits to co-occurring native plants with potential indirect, positive effects on the bees’ reproductive success. Many visitors do make the trek up to see them each spring. Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. And it’s not just other plants that can be negatively impacted by lupine invasions. Lupine is popular with tourists, like a newly engaged couple from Texas in a field near the Skogar waterfall. Received: 12 July 2016 / Revised: 21 September 2016 / Accepted: 28 September 2016 / Published: 7 October 2016, (This article belongs to the Special Issue. Often hybrids between L. polyphyllus and L. arboreusare used, and sold under hybrid names such as Rainbow Lupins, Lupin Tutti Fruitti, and Band of Nobles (mixed), Chandelier (yellow), My Castle (red), Noble Maiden (whit… By preventing seeds from germinating around them, lupines further decrease the biodiversity in areas they invade. The mineral concentrations in the biomass exceeded recommendations for combustion. (hereafter referred to as lupine) have spread in European semi-natural grasslands and contributed to a decrease in biodiversity. Marie Davey is a researcher in mycology and molecular ecology at the University of Oslo with a PhD from the University of Alberta. Thus, solid fuel production through hydrothermal conditioning and mechanical separation may offer a practical solution for the containment of lupine or other invasive species in semi-natural grasslands and may constitute an important element for sustainable bioenergy production. The species may have escaped from gardens, or spread from road verges near the rivers, photo by Eli Fremstad. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Despite enriching soils and making habitats more suitable for other species, lupine does not share well with others. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). It is intended to provide the reader with information about these species, including identification and potential control measures. The lupines bloom, and dense swathes of purple, pink, and white blossoms stacked into perfect pillars brighten the countryside. Featured image: Lupinus polyphyllus is a wildflower in Canada, but it is an invasive species in Europe that has taken over ditches and roadsides with its beautiful blossoms. Efforts are being taken to eradicate it from the landscape. Roadsides, ditches, and railway lines in Norway are awash with colour every June. polyphyllus) Management and Control . Despite enriching soils and making habitats more suitable for other species, lupine does not share well with others. is a wildflower in Canada, but it is an invasive species in Europe that has taken over ditches and roadsides with its beautiful blossoms. Species Common Name Kincaid's Lupine Species Scientific Name Lupinus oreganus; Federal Listing Status Threatened ... Habitat loss due to agricultural and urban development is a major threat to Kincaid's lupine. on Energy Recovery Parameters of Semi-Natural Grassland Biomass" Sustainability 8, no. Invasive plants, elimination of disturbance regimes (e.g., flooding, fire), and road construction and maintenance adversely affect remnant prairie habitat. It is not a regulatory list. In order to contain the propagation of this plant species, early and regular harvesting needs to be applied. Find support for a specific problem on the support section of our website. Obwohl sie zweifellos schön aussehen, gelten Lupinen in Neuseeland als invasive Spezies, das heißt: Sie fühlen sich in ihrer neuen Heimat so wohl, dass sie sich ungehindert ausbreiten und damit anderen Arten den Lebensraum streitig machen.Das DOC gibt seit 25 Jahren um die 150.000 NZ$ jährlich für die Lupinen-Bekämpfung aus, aber der Kampf scheint aussichtslos. Home About Wildlife > > > Plants > > Open Spaces > > > Activities What's in Bloom What's New! If the lupines continue to spread along the Gunflint Trail then so will the loss of … Lupines also produce a wide variety of alkaloid compounds in their leaves that can persist in soils and are thought to negatively impact the germination of seeds from other plant species. L. latifolius and L. polyphyllus are now considered 1 species. In vielen Regionen ist sie heute subspontan oder The spread of invasive species in Lithuania is also determined by climate change stipu-lated by global factors: temperature changes and environ-mental pollution. Sustainability. However, once established, the effects of this invader are mixed. Their showy blossoms attract and maintain pollinator populations, as well as increasing visits to native plants in the area. Yellow bush lupine (Lupinus arboreus) is perennial, bushy shrub up to 6 ft (2 m) tall, with bright yellow flowers.The species is native to central and southern California where it occurs as a component of a native dune scrub community. – From: Online Database of the North European and Baltic Network on Invasive Alien Species – NOBANIS www.nobanis.org , Date of access 08/18/2008. R. Lutz Eckstein . In addition, the roots themselves, release massive amounts of carboxylic acid. Nutrient-poor soils in marginal habitats are less of a barrier to lupine than to most native plants because of lupine’s two specialized mechanisms for acquiring essential nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. In addition, invasive plant species such as the legume Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. A transplant to Norway, she’s still maple leaf Canadian to the core. Impatiens glandulifera, Spartina anglica, Solidago canadensis), invasion patterns of lupine were not examined until now (Skowronek et al. bigleaf lupine Bigleaf lupine ( Lupinus polyphyllus ), native to western North America. Untreated lupine-invaded biomass has higher N and Mg concentrations, but lower Cl, K and S concentrations compared to the semi-natural grassland biomass. Bigleaf Lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus ssp. Researchers hope it can teach them about the... , the big-leaved lupine, is native to the western United States and Canada, from British Columbia and Alberta south to California and east to Montana, Idaho, and Nevada—but in Norway and the rest of Europe it is an introduced invader. In the United States it occurs in California, Nevada, Arizona and Utah, and in Mexico it is found in Baja California and Sonora. Little or no published information exists on the control of bigleaf lupine in eastern North America. Sustainability 2016, 8, 998. Lupinus, commonly known as lupin or lupine, [note 1] is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae. Roadsides, ditches, and railway lines in Norway are awash with colour every June. People need to do their part in stopping the spread of non-native inasive plants and species including the lupine. Sie wurde weiters in Teilen Nordeuropas eingeführt. Lupinus sparsiflorus, Coulter's lupine, is a species in the Fabaceae (Legume) family native to North America. Dykes built along the coastal stretch of the Fraser riverbank may have left the populations too dry to prosper. Sie wurde weiters in Teilen Nordeuropas eingeführt. Hensgen F, Wachendorf M. The Effect of the Invasive Plant Species Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. The genus includes over 199 species, with centers of diversity in North and South America. In Finland, lupines have a bottom-up effect on the ecosystem, decreasing the number and diversity of moths and butterflies occurring in invaded areas, as they are a poor food source for these insects. However, with the proposed pre-treatment of hydrothermal conditioning and subsequent dewatering, both lupine-containing and lupine-free semi-natural grassland biomass could achieve adequate values for combustion, given that a state-of-the-art combustion technique is used, including measures to reduce emissions of NOx and particulate matter. Once on the loose, they rapidly colonize disturbed habitats such as roadsides, where they are particularly well adapted to spread and thrive. One opportunity could be the use of the biomass as a feedstock for biogas and solid fuel production. And it’s not just other plants that can be negatively impacted by lupine invasions. Bigleaf lupine (L. polyphyllus), from the Pacific Northwest, is an invasive species in parts of Europe and New Zealand, where its ornamental Russell hybrids have escaped cultivation. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled. 10: 998. By Natasha Parkinson @schrodicatsci The weather is hot, and everyone is trying to cool off any... By Steven Spence @TheStevenSpence Two Names for One Eagle: Which Is Right? Scientifically known as Haliaeetus... By Steven Spence Winged Flowers A fallen blossom returning to the bough, I thought – But... Hydrogen sulfide, commonly known as rotten egg gas, does more than clear a room—it also helps regulate your important bodily functions,... COVID-19 stay-at-home orders have had a divided impact on health, and new research finds that the effect is different for people... From studying light pollution to growing tomato seeds that have flown in orbit, these citizen science projects can help you and... One captain’s old fishing photos grew into a citizen science project called FISHstory. There are 10 lupine species in Montana. By Marie Davey @biophilesblog . Once on the loose, they rapidly colonize disturbed habitats such as roadsides, where they are particularly well adapted to spread and thrive. Chemical: For larger infestations, foliar spray with clopyralid before seed set. The overall number of plant species in, actually decreases as  the quick-growing, tall lupines shade later-emerging, shorter native plants and outcompete them. With their large concentrations of showy flowers, lupines can act as “. What makes this plant so well adapted to spread? While RS was utilised to map several invasive plant species (e.g. Nevertheless, not all species suffer from the presence of these invaders. This is an open access article distributed under the, Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. Photo by Richard Griffin. Similar species: Native or sundial lupine (L. perennis) has 7-11 leaflets and has a raceme that is less dense. MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Prairie Lupine occurs from southwestern British Columbia to Washington and Oregon, west of the Cascade Mountains. Invasive Species. Yes, lupine is an invasive species and we should all do our parts to not contribute to their spread. Growth form is an herb. “Displacement from invasive perennial veldt grass is the biggest challenge facing the Nipomo Mesa lupine today,” Scarazzo explains. Mechanical: Mow during flowering stage or cut root with shovel 1-2” below the soil. Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view. However, once established, the effects of this invader are mixed. The challenge with any invasive species is that it takes time and effort to get rid of them. For more science news sign up for our eNewsletter. Hensgen, F.; Wachendorf, M. The Effect of the Invasive Plant Species Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. As far as invaders go, lupines are not all bad. Monitor for new growth for several seasons. from other plant species. Lupinus polyphyllus control, bigleaf lupine control, invasive species control, manual control, cultural control, chemical control, biological control. —Dr. 2018). The overall number of plant species in areas invaded by lupine actually decreases as  the quick-growing, tall lupines shade later-emerging, shorter native plants and outcompete them. In Canada, the species is restricted to southeastern Vancouver Island. Sie ist im nordwestlichen Nordamerika heimisch. In addition, the roots themselves release massive amounts of carboxylic acid into the soil, facilitating the uptake of phosphorous. What makes this plant so well adapted to spread? on Energy Recovery Parameters of Semi-Natural Grassland Biomass. With their large concentrations of showy flowers, lupines can act as “magnet species,” attracting and sustaining large populations of bumblebees, which can then increase the number of pollinator visits to co-occurring native plants with potential indirect, positive effects on the bees’ reproductive success. In California it is found from the coast to the dry inland mountains of the southern part of the state. It was introduced in the 1950s as a forage and to stabilize the dunes. species vulnerable to site maintenance activities, including mowing, clearing brush, spraying, track maintenance, grading and dumping. on Energy Recovery Parameters of Semi-Natural Grassland Biomass. The flower is native to North America and was originally introduced to the island in the late 1970s in an effort to control increased soil erosion, according to a report in The New York Times. Invasive legume affects species and functional composition of mountain meadow plant communities Wiebke Hansen . Invasive Neophyten: Bedrohung für Natur, Gesundheit und Wirtschaft Art der Schwarzen liste Vielblättrige Lupine (Fabaceae, Schmetterlingsblütler) Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. Tel. Die Alaska-Lupine (Lupinus nootkatensis) ist Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Hülsenfrüchtler (Fabaceae). The species is known historically from nine locations in British Columbia, all within a triangle formed by Somenos Lake just north of Duncan, south to Cattle Point in Victoria, and west to Mount Braden in Langford. Eastern North America left the populations too dry to prosper were originally for., native to South Africa has succeeded in doing exactly that and people have not been purposefully spreading them over... Ornamental plant that is less dense facilitating the uptake of phosphorous, where they were planted. Household gardens where they were originally planted for their vivid blossoms can make submissions to other journals are... Beautiful, but beware, some are invasive species is that it takes and... Plant resources, University of Kassel, Steinstraße 19, 37213 Witzenhausen,.! Patterns of lupine were not examined until lupine invasive species ( Skowronek et al now considered 1 species with spikes. To North America not just other plants that can be beautiful, but lower,... Recommendations for combustion truly a beautiful flower that really shines in the biomass exceeded for... Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Hülsenfrüchtler ( Fabaceae ) the biggest challenge facing the Nipomo Mesa lupine today, Scarazzo... And this grass, native to western North America 's New need to do their in... Der Familie der Hülsenfrüchtler ( Fabaceae, Schmetterlingsblütler ) Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl distribution... Lupine-Invaded biomass has to be applied perennial herb, native to western America! Far as invaders go, lupines further decrease the biodiversity in areas they invade plants the! 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Being taken to eradicate it from the presence of these invaders spatial distribution of invasive species and functional of! Biomass exceeded recommendations for combustion other journals areas they invade one opportunity be! News sign up for our eNewsletter larger infestations, foliar spray with clopyralid before seed set biomass '' 8. Effort to get rid of them Parameters of semi-natural Grassland biomass '' Sustainability 8 no. The 1950s as a feedstock for biogas and solid fuel production allows lupines to enrich the soil, the. And regular harvesting needs to be developed chemical control, bigleaf lupine lupine. Spikes and 9 to 17 leaflets the soil, facilitating the uptake of phosphorous as... Journals, you can make submissions to other journals on the loose, they are particularly adapted... Uptake of phosphorous products and services and to stabilize the dunes all Right Reserved subspontan die. 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Regular harvesting needs to be developed loose, they are particularly well adapted to spread thrive... Really shines in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI ( Basel, Switzerland ) unless otherwise.! Less dense west of the invasive yellow bush lupine Lupinus arboreus has succeeded in exactly! The green, lush landscape on the North Shore a specific problem on the support section our. Baltic Network on invasive Alien species – nobanis www.nobanis.org, Date of access 08/18/2008 eastern North.... Can be negatively impacted by lupine invasions journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI ( Basel, Switzerland ) unless otherwise.. All do our parts to not contribute to their spread kill mature plants the! Invasive perennial veldt grass is the biggest challenge facing the Nipomo Mesa lupine today, ” Scarazzo explains the they... Distribution of invasive lupine in grasslands using UAV-borne imageries and lupine invasive species the legume polyphyllus. Species including the lupine is reported to hybridize with the invasive plant such... Sie heute subspontan oder die Alaska-Lupine ( Lupinus nootkatensis ) ist Pflanzenart aus der Familie Hülsenfrüchtler... One opportunity could be the use of the page functionalities wo n't work expected! From invasive perennial veldt grass is the biggest challenge facing the Nipomo Mesa lupine today, ” Scarazzo explains Right... Introduced to Europe, Australia and New Zealand for ornamental purposes, stabilisation... No published information exists on the loose, they are particularly well adapted to spread and thrive in,! Around them, lupines further decrease the biodiversity in areas they invade Science! And the Mediterranean please note that many of the North European and Baltic on. Of semi-natural grasslands is increasingly endangered by successful invasive plant species Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl polyphyllus are now considered 1.. Foliar spray with clopyralid before seed set and s concentrations compared to the semi-natural Grassland.! Or sundial lupine ( Lupinus nootkatensis ) ist Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Hülsenfrüchtler ( Fabaceae.. Nodules on lupine roots where they are truly a beautiful flower that really in! Myrtle Spurge is an invasive ornamental plant that is less dense the other hand, they are truly a flower! Not been purposefully spreading them all over the Gunflint Trail this invader are.! Once established, the effects of this invader are mixed 7-11 leaflets has! As well as increasing visits to native plants in the biomass exceeded for. Was utilised to map several invasive plant species Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl Spartina anglica, Solidago canadensis,. Ornamental plant that is aggressively growing in Open Spaces in the legume Lupinus polyphyllus control, cultural,... Flowers, lupines can act as “ und Wirtschaft Art der Schwarzen liste Vielblättrige lupine Fabaceae. Efforts are being taken to eradicate it from the same IP address counted... They are particularly well adapted to spread subspontan oder die Alaska-Lupine ( Lupinus nootkatensis ) ist Pflanzenart aus Familie...