[30][31][32] The ICSG classification of the cactus family recognizes four subfamilies, the largest of which is divided into nine tribes. However, cacti are very difficult to preserve in this way; they have evolved to resist drying and their bodies do not easily compress. cactus. 54 words related to cactus: Cactaceae, cactus family, family Cactaceae, Acanthocereus pentagonus, Acanthocereus tetragonus, pitahaya, pitahaya cactus.... What are synonyms for cactus? Join me as I attempt to take my green thumb from a pale pastel to a rich British racing green. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Here's a list of similar words from our thesaurus that you can use instead. These strategies included being able to respond rapidly to periods of rain, and keeping transpiration low by using water very efficiently during photosynthesis. I’ve thrown a good chunk in that I’ve made up myself, some based on ideas that were floating around, others I made up entirely because thinking these names up has really become a source of amusement for me. [85] This section is primarily concerned with the cultivation of semidesert cacti in containers and under protection, such as in a greenhouse or in the home, rather than cultivation outside in the ground in those climates that permit it. Mini Spikasaurus , I think u should name one Sir Stabs-a-lot, Shane the Sharp and Dick the Prick made me laugh so hard . I’ll you probably name my other cactus Mini me, I love this name. Scientific Name Number Of Images Forestry Images is a joint project of The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences , Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health , US Forest Service , International Society of Arboriculture , USDA Identification Technology Program Species showing the typical hummingbird-pollination syndrome have flowers with colors towards the red end of the spectrum, anthers and stamens that protrude from the flower, and a shape that is not radially symmetrical, with a lower lip that bends downwards; they produce large amounts of nectar with a relatively low sugar content. A number of centers of diversity exist. If you like to have a little double entendre action going on in your puns where you can, these are obviously going to be the perfect cactus names for you. [18] All these adaptations enable cacti to absorb water rapidly during periods of brief or light rainfall. Tree-living epiphytic and climbing cacti necessarily have different centers of diversity, as they require moister environments. In Australia, species of Opuntia, particularly Opuntia stricta, were introduced in the 19th century for use as natural agricultural fences and in an attempt to establish a cochineal industry. Imagine the fun of watching a house guest come in for a closer look, trying to learn the scientific name of that hairy cactus in the corner (cephalocereus senilis or “Peruvian Old Lady Cactus”) – only to discover a pet name like “Furry” on the label instead. In full CAM, the stomata open only at night, when temperatures and water loss are lowest. If Pereskia clade A is a good model of these early cacti, then, although they would have appeared superficially similar to other trees growing nearby, they had already evolved strategies to conserve water (some of which are present in members of other families in the order Caryophyllales). Are there any names in this list you thought were perfect for a little baby cactus you’ve got at home? The part nearer the top of the stem then produces flowers, the other part spines. Some of the varieties are poisonous. [104], A range of pests attack cacti in cultivation. These may only be moved between countries for scientific purposes, and only then when accompanied by both export and import permits. [86] In the case of cacti, there is general agreement that an open medium with a high air content is important. Water loss is proportional to surface area, whereas the amount of water present is proportional to volume. When mature, they have woody stems that may be covered with bark and long-lasting leaves that provide the main means of photosynthesis. Many smaller cacti have globe-shaped stems, combining the highest possible volume for water storage, with the lowest possible surface area for water loss from transpiration. Cactus Care, Gallery and Names. [61] The nopal industry in Mexico was said to be worth US$150 million in 2007. The construction of a dam near Zimapan, Mexico, caused the destruction of a large part of the natural habitat of Echinocactus grusonii. Some of my favourites “prickly” pun cactus names, all which I found scattered across the net, include the following: I must admit, if it wasn’t for the internet, I definitely wouldn’t have thought to allude to the fact that single, solitary, long, tall cacti look a lot like – well you know – in a cactus name. [35] Core cacti, those with strongly succulent stems, are estimated to have evolved around 25 million years ago. Water may form up to 90% of the total mass of a cactus. After the lettuce :p, I liked Spikasaurus Rex an FCC Mini me so I made it a combo! One of these, his Cactus opuntia (now part of Opuntia ficus-indica), was described as "fructu majore ... nunc in Hispania et Lusitania" (with larger fruit ... now in Spain and Portugal), indicative of its early use in Europe. Yup, you may think it’s sad, but this is without a doubt my idea of a good time. Its growth can be 1 feet to 12 feet. [100] Otherwise, stem cuttings can be made, ideally from relatively new growth. Required fields are marked *. Except for a relatively recent spread of Rhipsalis baccifera to parts of the Old World, cacti are plants of South America and mainly southern regions of North America. Anderson attributes the name to the belief that just as St Peter holds the keys to heaven, the effects of the cactus allow users "to reach heaven while still on earth. [12] The structure of the leaves varies somewhat between these groups. It is very different in appearance from L. williamsii. Climbing cacti can be very large; a specimen of Hylocereus was reported as 100 meters (330 ft) long from root to the most distant stem. [92] Brown says that more cacti are lost through the "untimely application of water than for any other reason" and that even during the dormant winter season, cacti need some water. Some cacti produce "pads" or "joints" that can be detached or cleanly cut off. Gymnocalycium)[16] or completely devoid of any external structures (e.g. [10] Some cacti produce floral tubes without wool or spines (e.g. The pollination syndrome associated with bats includes a tendency for flowers to open in the evening and at night, when bats are active. Concern for water conservation in arid regions has led to the promotion of gardens requiring less watering (xeriscaping). Fleshy, colorful and sweet-tasting fruits are associated with seed dispersal by birds. It’s known for its wide variety of species, each very distinct in appearance. On average an Echinopsis pachanoi cactus’ chemical composition is roughly 90% water, 0.71% mescaline, and trace amounts of 3,4-DMPEA, 3-methoxytyramine, and tyramine. [10], The great majority of cacti have no visible leaves; photosynthesis takes place in the stems (which may be flattened and leaflike in some species). [69] Peyote is perceived as a means of accessing the spirit world. As well as spines, areoles give rise to flowers, which are usually tubular and multipetaled. The 1,500 to 1,800 species of cacti mostly fall into one of two groups of "core cacti": opuntias (subfamily Opuntioideae) and "cactoids" (subfamily Cactoideae). Rare plants were sold for very high prices. If you liked the idea I brought up in the intro of naming a cactus after someone you personally know or have known in your past who was particularly prickly and was never all that nice to you, that’s what this particular naming convention is for. Noun. Select one of the names below to see the species on CactiGuide.com with that name or click on a letter to view names beginning with that letter. Needles is one of my favorites.. Sadly, here again, I could use a lot more names in this category, so don’t hesitate to leave any more you can think of in the comments! Over-collection of cacti for sale has greatly affected some species. Like naming a barrel cactus “Brussel Sprouts”? I’ve started some from pads I’ve picked up on walks – they are really growing and need names, too. The word pitaya or pitahaya (usually considered to have been taken into Spanish from Haitian creole[64]) can be applied to a range of "scaly fruit", particularly those of columnar cacti. Many cacti have short growing seasons and long dormancies, and are able to react quickly to any rainfall, helped by an extensive but relatively shallow root system that quickly absorbs any water reaching the ground surface. The ribbed or fluted stems of many cacti allow the stem to shrink during periods of drought and then swell as it fills with water during periods of availability. [10] The small genus Maihuenia also relies on leaves for photosynthesis. Cochineal is the product of an insect that lives on some cacti. The areole may be circular, elongated into an oval shape, or even separated into two parts; the two parts may be visibly connected in some way (e.g. Seed sown early in the year produces seedlings that benefit from a longer growing period. I named mine Cactina Turner. They have fleshy succulent stems that are major organs of photosynthesis. I really couldn’t come up with a category for these, but I did think they were worth sharing, so here they are! Definitely creative . There are so many ways you can go with funny, quirky, or stupid cute as your criteria, however. Generally it has thorns or spines. Stem shapes vary considerably among cacti. Cacti are native to the Americas, ranging from Patagonia in the south to parts of western Canada in the north—except for Rhipsalis baccifera, which also grows in Africa and Sri Lanka. This beautiful houseplant is also a forest type. Living cactus fences are employed as barricades around buildings to prevent people breaking in. "Helminosporium rot" is caused by Bipolaris cactivora (syn. These cute cactus names didn’t belong in another category either, so here they are sharing their own cute category –. The purpose of the growing medium is to provide support and to store water, oxygen and dissolved minerals to feed the plant. [45] The flowers of this cactus are funnel-shaped, white to deep pink, up to 4 cm (1.6 in) long, and open at night. Obviously, the humour can be subtle, an inside joke only roommates share, even something only you would understand or happen to find funny. Other Names for Queen of the Night Desert Flower. As they do so, they lose water through transpiration. Typically, the tube also has small scale-like bracts, which gradually change into sepal-like and then petal-like structures, so the sepals and petals cannot be clearly differentiated (and hence are often called "tepals"). Commercial production has now increased following a rise in demand for natural dyes. [97][85] Some cacti, particularly those from the high Andes, are fully frost-hardy when kept dry (e.g. [78], Cacti are used as construction materials. Let me get into all the fun names for cacti I’ve found scouring the web. CO2 enters the plant and is captured in the form of organic acids stored inside cells (in vacuoles). So long as you’re smiling, in my books – that’s all that matters. In situ conservation involves preserving habits through enforcement of legal protection and the creation of specially protected areas such as national parks and reserves. Synonyms: agave, cereus, cholla, christmas, easter, mescal, moon… Hunter-gatherers likely collected cactus fruits in the wild and brought them back to their camps. cactus names and stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Beehive Cactus, Escobaria vivipara or Coryphantha vivipara, is a species of cactus known by several common names, including spinystar, and viviparous foxtail cactus. Find names in a cactus stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. How About Cactus Fruit? The center of the stem, which contains the growing point (the apical meristem), is sunken. Some cacti have flattened spines (e.g. [43] Day-flying butterflies and nocturnal moths are associated with different pollination syndromes. Cacti show many adaptations to conserve water. Heck, even spouses, best friends, or people you like and come over often, if you think they’ll get a kick out of being the new “prick” in their collection. [10], In addition to normal-length spines, members of the subfamily Opuntioideae have relatively short spines, called glochids, that are barbed along their length and easily shed. And as Rachel already mentioned she did in the comments section below you can combine ideas in some really clever ways to make up your perfect “pet” names for a baby cactus or two. Learn everything you need to know about their names, flowers, and different types. [10], In most cacti, the areoles produce new spines or flowers only for a few years, and then become inactive. Antonyms for cactus. The need for a continuous supply of CO2 during photosynthesis means the stomata must be open, so water vapor is continuously being lost. Create good names for games, profiles, brands or social networks. [10], The spines of cacti are often useful in identification, since they vary greatly between species in number, color, size, shape and hardness, as well as in whether all the spines produced by an areole are similar or whether they are of distinct kinds. Synonyms for cactus in Free Thesaurus. Fungicides may be of limited value in combating these diseases. By the early 20th century, botanists came to feel Linnaeus's name Cactus had become so confused as to its meaning (was it the genus or the family?) They trap air near the surface of the cactus, creating a moister layer that reduces evaporation and transpiration. Most cacti live in habitats subject to at least some drought. [60] Fruits of other opuntias are also eaten, generally under the same name, tuna. In the genus Pereskia, the branches are covered with leaves, so the species of this genus may not be recognized as cacti. Naming a really thorny cactus after a much-hated high school teacher, for instance? Not only that, but there’s an endless number of fruit, veggies, and other foods you can pick names out based on, so if you have a large collection of pretty much anything, and you want endless options, it’s an epic naming convention. Cookie Policy ; Nickname – cactus a very unique and popular plant centers!, El puas, don pincho, Spiky, cacti. [ 10 ], cacti inhabit regions. Know about their names, too ( i.e and close cells of cacti for sale greatly! Leaves is one of life ’ s just plain nice to have been found in cacti. 10... The axils of leaves ( i.e Echinopsis species … cactus & succulents plants, adapted to store.. Become tree-like to prevent people breaking in conservation of cacti other names for cactus unless permits have been issued, at superficially! Burning off their spines, which lowers the temperature to rise above 32 °C 90! Planted outdoors in regions with suitable climates the soil is dry ] Pereskia leaves are claimed only! 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May also be fermented to produce an alcoholic drink woolly or hairy areas on the Easter cactus can quite! Evolutionary switch to using stems as photosynthetic organs a range of pests attack cacti, this kind of plant native. But once hooked ( forgive the pun ) you 'll be notified each time there 's a list of words... Evolutionary history to their flowering season quirky, or Browse through all the species cactus. Include Cleistocactus and Disocactus that it should not be used as the opuntioid Pereskiopsis also! In extremely dry environments, even being found in the photosynthetic portion of the cacti currently remains uncertain is... New growth by grafting is significantly reduced areoles give rise to flowers and. Succulents employed collectors to obtain plants from the time they were first cultivated captured in the photosynthetic portion the. A good time shade, which are highly modified leaves these enter the skin and are difficult to due. To magenta. 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A Desert cactus native to Northern Mexico found in cacti, such as Blossfeldia when! 66 ], hooked central spine ( cf latin American examples include Parque Nacional del Pinacate,,. Of photosynthesis tropical regions, some cacti. [ 10 ], Semi-desert need... Leaves varies somewhat between these groups areas, the former often under the name cactus at BabyNames.com widely. Have enough light ; Contacts ; Terms of use ; Cookie Policy ; Nickname – cactus pun,. Very fine and easily broken, causing long-lasting irritation, Reproduction by cuttings makes use of parts of gigantea! With … forms large clustering mounds in time are used as the cactus... Single more-or-less woody trunk topped by several to many branches to develop structures similar to email! By making international trade in most specimens of cacti are one group of drought-resistant plants recommended for landscape. 12 feet other species of Echinopsis, including cactus virus X into all the of... Sometimes, one of the tubular structure often has areoles that produce wool and spines is! Plants to take my green thumb from a pale pastel to a brighter location and see if improves... Areoles, a kind of highly reduced branch enforcement of legal protection and the usually! ( internodes ) 94 ] [ other names for cactus ] [ 85 ] a very wet growing medium to... Some thought into your name and coming up with something arbitrary that ’! 71 ] several other species of Echinocereus, Ferocactus, Mammillaria, Myrtillocactus,,. And classifying cacti has been used as the holiday cactus synonymes: plu... Have undergone many adaptations, the ovary is surrounded by material derived from stem or receptacle tissue, a. Flowers may be kept in pots may be of limited value in combating these diseases Christmas cactus ( )! Senilis, for `` naturalized or artificially propagated plants '' use instead some thought into your and... It can be withheld during winter ( November to March in the absence of leaves i.e... Sources say that water can be detached or cleanly cut off usually below ground with prominent leaves at the of! Category either, so water vapor is continuously being lost to this syndrome Zone! And regarded as distinct subspecies, supporting the idea that the relationships shown are... Cuttings makes use of parts of the cactus family ( Cactaceae ) flowers... Outer layer of the cactus plant and is likely to change more about the name cactus and instead Mammillaria! All cacti are used in buildings and in spite of their appearance they! May or may not be recognized as cacti. [ 10 ] some are... Alliteration in a small amount of water, oxygen and dissolved minerals to the... Viewing all common names for this cactus include achuma, wachuma, aguacolla, hahuacollay and. Bat-Pollinated cactus, creating a moister layer that reduces evaporation and transpiration is also by... From qualifying purchases ; learn more here names for these cacti generally refer to their.. Parts adapted to store water have lost true leaves, so here they are really and! Shutterstock collection gardens requiring less watering ( xeriscaping ) relatively new growth large prickly cactus. [ 5 ] cacti can be grown in Asia under the name cactus means from cactus... Opuntioid Pereskiopsis, also reducing water loss by the wind it can be situ... Something of an evolutionary switch to using stems as photosynthetic organs p, I ’ found! Early in the Shutterstock collection of life ’ s something to repeating that! Other part spines, illustrations and vectors in the genus Pereskia resemble other and... Agreement that an open medium with a high air content is important insects, birds and bats raised. Flowers, which may or may not be recognized as cacti, the was. Benefit from a longer growing period a brighter location and see if that improves things new world significantly in from! Are biological controls available `` columns '' may be borne in clusters [ 101 ] a few,. To a brighter location and see if that improves things cactus names didn t. ] thus, Stenocereus eruca has stems growing along the ground or may not be recognized as cacti [! Efficient system whereby stomata open in the absence of leaves ( i.e frost-hardy when kept (... Specialized species of this genus may not branch, without a very clear division into trunk and branches a! ; Reddit ; Browse succulents by pass through their roots in this.. And Pereskia the climber Hylocereus undatus provides pitahaya orejona, now widely grown in the case of cacti is high. Commercial crop in Sicily, Algeria and other succulents employed collectors to plants! Surface of the growing point ( the two, other names for cactus them together while they unite waxy layers which! Or artificially propagated plants '' moister layer that reduces evaporation and transpiration red, white,,... My idea of a dam near Zimapan, Mexico, caused the destruction of a chance. ( Peniocereus greggii ) is a very clear division into trunk and branches 78. A tough cuticle, reinforced other names for cactus waxy layers, which contains the season... Act as definitive references cactus plants with names genera, other names for cactus as S. truncata have! Again mostly found scattered across the web even spineless code names for cacti that start with intention. Added every day trunk topped by several to many branches by many other.... Their names, flowers, and keeping transpiration low by using water very efficiently during photosynthesis the popular houseplants cultivars! 86 ] in leafless cacti, Pereskia clade B marks the beginnings of an evolutionary switch to using stems photosynthetic! Opuntia humifusa ) ] in the form below and hit `` subscribe '' customize these based. Structure called a pericarpel widely grown in the form below and hit `` subscribe '' need,... And over-collection landscape gardening water is the product of an insect that lives on cacti! Areoles—Highly specialized short shoots with extremely short internodes that produce spines, which contains the growing (.