Examples of Infinitive. Examples of infinitives:. You may split infinitives without realizing you are, and it might impact your writing. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this: To + Verb = Infinitive. As an adverb 7. They function the same way in sentences with verbs of perception (hear, see, feel, sense) and verbs of permission (bid, let, need, know, help, had better, sooner than, would rather, and so on). To make. ; To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays. Important Note: Because an infinitive is not a verb, you cannot add s, es, ed, or ing to the end. Nonfinite verbs take three different forms—the infinitive, the participle, or the gerund. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Now lets, learn some examples of infinitives. If you are going to study, or to drive, or to cook, you are using infinitive verbs. For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. Structures that you add to are called infinitive, and -ing is called Gerund form. The infinitive form of a verb is the verb in its basic form. Many verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem to which verb … It, in fact, is a … A sentence may either have a main verb, a helping verb or both. In this sentence, the verb is “fed.” Sometimes it can be a group of words. "Infinitive" comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning endless. It, in fact, is a … Infinitive Examples. For example: • To think • To act • To walk • To talk • To fish • To care • To write • To listen. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. Transitive verbs are used with a direct object. An infinitive is a base verb with the word “to” in front of it. For example: It may seem difficult to memorize these rules and verbs. An infinitive is the form of a verb before it is conjugated. Ex: to buy, to work. While infinitives are the most basic form of a verb, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Example 1: We ought to giveJessica a birthday present. It can be a single word. Example: Jessica fed the cat. It plays an important role in the syntactic construction of Accusative and infinitive, for instance. A gentleman and his wife, calling on friends, find them not at home. ; To watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming. The ending -en is appended to the verb stem werd. After adjective 8. Application and Usage of Gerunds and Infinitives Infinitives With Delayed Subjects. What is an infinitive? (Read Infinitive Rules, and uses) Infinitive verbs are not conjugated like other verbs; they stay in their infinitive forms in a sentence. An infinitive is a verbal consisting of to + a verb, and it acts like a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence. In English, infinitives are preceded by to—for example, to fly, to swim, to go. The simplest way out, as always, is to seek some other method of expressing the thought...What he does, however, is to lapse into a profound study of this particular grammatical situation, than which there is no more hazardous mental occupation... "First the victim will change the sentence to: 'We would have liked to find you in.' Infinitive phrase example: to swim in the pool; An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Definition and Examples of Infinitive Verbs. Few people ever do realize it. A finite verb is something you've probably used in a sentence many times today! An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. Definition: Infinitive – A word which is not limited by the person or number of the subject is known as an Infinitive. Generally, infinitives are prefaced with the word “to”. Soon you'll be able to spot infinitives in everything you read! They have fallen back on it so often that, after the ordinary past tenses, its use has come to be counted as idiomatic, even though it is incorrect... "There is a simple rule about past conditionals...After 'would have liked,' 'would have hoped,' 'would have feared,' etc., use the present infinitive. Passive voice: In general, use active voice — … Learn more. Before we talk more about intransitive verbs, let’s take some time to understand direct objects. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Although infinitives usually follow main verbs, they may appear in various places and serve different functions in a sentence. ; In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, and escribir. To cook. "Infinitive" comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning endless. Infinitive phrase example: to swim in the pool; An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Here is a lost of infinitives which are often but not always, these two parts are together. To walk. Examples of Infinitives in Literature and Film. … It all depends on how they're functioning and what they're modifying. When we use the word 'to' before a verb in a sentence, we are using the infinitive verb form. These infinitive verbs and phrases answer the "What?" “Ought” is followed by the infinitive “to give.” Remember that modal verbs ar… An infinitive, also known as a verb root or verb stem, is a verb in its uninflected form. Definition and Examples of Infinitive Verbs Infinitive Phrases. In this example, “ought” is used to express that it would be a good idea to give Jessica a present for her birthday. Let us take a typical case. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by "to" (e.g., "to run," "to dance," "to think"). Infinitives can be used as: an object following the verb: Jim always forgets to eat; a subject at the beginning of a sentence: To travel around the world requires a lot of time and money. As subject of the sentence 3. Important Note: An infinitive is not a verb, So we cannot add -s, -es, -ed, or -ing in the end. The infinitive is a grammar term that refers to a basic verb form that often acts as a noun and is often preceded by the word "to." As direct object of the sentence 4. The similarity between gerunds and infinitives is that they can be both used as a subject and object in English sentences. Now it's time to learn more about how they can — and can't — be used when writing. Splitting infinitives: Avoid it in formal settings, otherwise, it’s fine. To understand. An infinitive verb is the word "to" followed by a verb. Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. You don't have to shade the infinitive to get a nice note of frustration...Avoid the perfect infinitive after the past conditional as you would a cobra.". It is the version of the verb which will appear in the dictionary. Consider the following examples: (i) We all want to build our careers. The infinitive form of a verb is the verb in its basic form. When you need to use two actions consecutively in a sentence, you must either add the -to suffix between the two verbs or add the -ing suffix to the second verb. A negative infinitive phrase can be formed by placing the negative particle "not" in front of "to". All Rights Reserved, grammar rules and tips about splitting infinitives, seven grammar rules you can actually break, "Until the advent of television emptied the movie theaters, it was from a weekly visit to the cinema that you learned (or tried, "A celebrity is a person who works hard all his life, "An enormous relief had come upon us now that the job was done. 1) I like to run. These examples of infinitives demonstrate how flexible infinitive verbs can be in a sentence. Infinitive example: to swim; An infinitive phrase is a group of words that starts with the infinitive. As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. Subject-verb agreement: The verb of a sentence should match the subject’s plurality (or singularity). "A subordinate clause with an infinitive often acts as the subject or object of the main clause. 45 Example Infinitives and Definition Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. As subject of the sentence 3. countable noun The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example, 'do,' 'be,' 'take,' and 'eat.' 45 Example Infinitives and Definition Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. As direct object of the sentence 4. As subject complement 5. ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. Infinitives can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs. In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Infinitives are easy to identify because they’re written with to + a verb. (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. They can also modify the verb in the sentence to answer the question "Why?" the basic form of a verb that usually follows "to": In the sentences "I had to go" and "I must go," "go" is an infinitive. Ever! Infinitive, definition, Examples of Infinitive, exercise or worksheet for students, of class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, Uses, Rules, pdf. Examples of common infinitive verbs include: Even though infinitives include verbs, they are not verbs. In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. ...this is correct (barring the use of 'would' instead of 'should'), but, alas, the gentleman does not realize it. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a different word in front of a verb. 1) I like to run. You know an infinitive always consists of ‘ to’ and the base form of the verb. What is Infinitive? How to use infinitive in a sentence. You can form an infinitive verb by adding "to" in front of any base verb. Intransitive verbs are verbs that do not have a direct object. An infinitive fo llowed by the simple form of the verb and will almost always begin with to: to + verb = infinitive. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. For this reason, auxiliary verbs are also called helping verbs.The word that the auxiliary verb is “helping” is called the main verb or full verb.. After object that is noun or pronoun referring to a person 9. Learn what it is, how to spot it and how to use it correctly in sentences. The infinitive can appear by itself, or it can be part of a larger infinitive phrase.. Structures that you add to are called infinitive, and -ing is called Gerund form. A to-infinitive is a verbal consisting of to + a verb, and it acts like a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence.We use the infinitive: 1. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary . The infinitive is often used with 'to' in front of it. The infinitives of werden are: werden, zu werden. Infinitive, definition, Examples of Infinitive, exercise or worksheet for students, of class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, Uses, Rules, pdf. A verb phrase made up of the particle to and the base form of a verb. No sentence can be completed without a verb. Infinitives beginning with "to" and making up infinitive phrases are separate from prepositional phrases that use "to" (as in "She drove to Chicago") to describe movement. To make a to -infinitive negative, the negative particle not is usually placed before the to (as in not to learn). "To sing" is an example of an infinitive. (functions as a direct object) Read these examples: Definition in English – That infinitive which is used with to is called the To-Infinitive. Learn about each type of infinitive. 3. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. When infinitive verbs act as adjectives, they describe the noun that they follow. You can form an infinitive verb by adding "to" in front of any base verb. If a sentence sounds awkward with the word "to," go ahead and try the bare infinitive. An infinitive is the basic form of a verb as in to talk. Dream big! After adjective 8. Examples of infinitives:. Infinitives can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited". Noun-verbs are also known as verb. The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat'. Keep reading for infinitive examples in different sentences, as well as their different forms and functions. Now that you've seen several examples of infinitives in sentences, check out these famous examples of infinitive verbs. One other modal verb that we didn’t mention yet is the verb “ought.” “Ought” is different than other modal verbs because it has to be followed by an infinitive. Contrast with the zero infinitive (live, love, learn). It is difficult not to be sleeping during this morning. Definition in Hindi – वह Infinitive जिसका प्रयोग To के साथ होता हैं, उसे To-Infinitive कहते हैं। e.g. - To drink Martinis before noon is decadent. "It is easy enough to say that a person should live in such a way as to avoid the perfect infinitive after the past conditional, but it is another matter to do it. "Infinitive" comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning endless. To run. The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat'. To make. It is the version of the verb which will appear in the dictionary. In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Definitions, Examples and Verb + Infinitive List Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. ; To watch a movie every day is rational and redeeming. Definition in English – That infinitive which is used with to is called the To-Infinitive. countable noun The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example, 'do,' 'be,' 'take,' and 'eat.' Think of infinitives as verbs abstracted from real action. (Watch, see, swim, write, teach, play, pray, fix etc.). The implication of non-fulfillment is inherent in the governing verb itself, that is, in the 'would have liked,' etc. Infinitive is a verb form that connects “to” and the base form of the verb (e.g., to fly, to spend, to measure, to cook). The infinitive is often used with 'to' in front of it. The infinitive can appear by itself, or it can be part of a larger infinitive phrase.. Infinitive example: to swim; An infinitive phrase is a group of words that starts with the infinitive. This is because the present infinitive, 'to find,' seems to imply success. laudāre means, "to praise." A verb is a doing word that shows an action, an event or a state. ; To cheat in the exam is not uncommon nowadays. As an adjective 6. Definition of infinitive (Entry 2 of 2) : a verb form normally identical in English with the first person singular that performs some functions of a noun and at the same time displays some characteristics of a verb … Infinitive verbs are verbals, which means they can be used as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. Infinitive verbs are not conjugated like other verbs; they stay in their infinitive forms in a sentence. For example, we have this famous sentence from Hamlet: 'To be or not to be: that is the question.' To walk. Learn about the rules of infinitives and how to avoid splitting them. 1. They, therefore, fall back on the perfect infinitive, 'to have found,' because it implies that the thing hoped for did not come to pass. An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to … Example: Jessica fed the cat. Here are two examples of infinitive phrases as subjects: To have a big dream requires the same effort as having a small dream. ; To stop the car suddenly cannot be a good move. to dream (James dares to dream about getting the job.) (ii) He tried to find a place for sleeping. There is a … Reading it over, the gentleman is assailed by the suspicion that he has too many 'haves,' and that the whole business has somehow been put too far into the past. Definition in Hindi – वह Infinitive जिसका प्रयोग To के साथ होता हैं, उसे To-Infinitive कहते हैं। e.g. Here are a few examples of infinitives that do not follow main verbs and/or are being used as sentence parts other than subjects or objects: A perfect infinitive is defined as "to" + "have" + a past participle. Infinitives can also modify nouns in a sentence. In the following examples, the whole infinitive clause [in bold] is understood as the subject of is human, is decadent or was unnecessary. Types of Infinitive: An infinitive can be a to-infinitive or bare infinitive (without to). After object that is noun or pronoun referring to a person 9. Learn about each type of infinitive. The phrase 'to be' is acting as the subject of the sentence. Verbs Definition. the infinitive "to wash" clarifies why kind of laundry you're looking for. The infinitive is often used with 'to' in front of it. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases. Definition and Examples of Infinitive Verbs. Definition: Infinitive – A word which is not limited by the person or number of the subject is known as an Infinitive. The Infinitive is one of the three Non-Finite Verbs that remain in the same form in all the tenses, numbers and persons of their subjects. The infinitive form is not always preceded by "to." Infinitive: To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Gerund, as the word meaning, has the meaning of noun-verb. ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. While infinitives are the most basic form of a verb, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The most common auxiliary verbs are forms of be, do, and have. What is an intransitive verb? In these cases, the infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object. To run. Used with question word Examples of Infinitives in Literature and Film, Functions of Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, The Difference Between Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives, Understanding the 'to'-Infinitive in English Grammar, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Gerunds: Special Verbs That Are Also Nouns, How to Use the Perfect Infinitive in Spanish, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. What is an intransitive verb? A direct object receives the action of a verb in a sentence. When forming the infinitive with zu, the "zu" is prepended to the verb, since it has no separable first parts. “OR “the verb without(s, es, ies, ed and d) is called infinitive. For example, to live, to love, to learn. As an adjective 6. Infinitive: To + verb in the base form --- can be used in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Examples and Observations. This means that the verb is done to the direct object. "Go" is the infinitive form. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. The infinitive form of a verb (such as "to get" in the example above) is also known as the base form, and is often introduced by a main verb and the word "to," as in this sentence: He wanted to find a solution. The only way to never fail is to never attempt anything. The infinitive is often used with 'to' in front of it. Infinitive definition is - formed with the infinitive. To cook. Auxiliary verbs “help” other verbs form different tenses and moods; they are used to define when actions take place, or to emphasize other actions or objects in a sentence. For example, in the sentence "Do you have any laundry to wash?" This example uses the modal verb “ought.” 2. If you're still curious, check out these seven grammar rules you can actually break. For example: Notice that any of these infinitives can appear in any sentence. 1. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by "to" (e.g., "to run," "to dance," "to think"). Learn about the rules of infinitives and how to avoid splitting them. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. No matter what, infinitives are a great way to add more detail to a sentence. 1. ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. You've seen several examples of infinitive verbs that include the word "to" — but not every infinitive does. ; Verb Stems. As subject complement 5. Functions of Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases. However, you are the best judge of when to use bare infinitives. For example, in the first sentence, "We decided to go out," the infinitive phrase "to go out" answers the question "What did we decide?". However, what can be confusing is that the infinitive phrase -- 'to' plus a verb -- does not act like a verb at all but rather takes on the role of a noun, adjective or adverb in a sentence. Gerund, as the word meaning, has the meaning of noun-verb. As an adverb 7. In a sentence, an Infinitives can be used as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. Before we talk more about intransitive verbs, let’s take some time to understand direct objects. I can wait) in the sentences. Transitive Verbs and Intransitive Verbs, Definition and 60 Examples Transitive Verbs A transitive verb requires an object in the form of a noun or pronoun to complete its meaning. An infinitive is a verbal consisting of to + a verb, and it acts like a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence. The present active infinitive is the second principal part (in regular verbs). In this sentence, the verb is “fed.” What is Infinitive? When infinitives follow an adjective, they're functioning as adverbs. Infinitives are easy to identify because they’re written with to + a verb. Infinitive Phrase (Verbs) Definition. - To err is human. – to go, to play, to sleep, to come, to weep, to swim, to laugh e.t.c. Depending on the words they follow, infinitives can function as different parts of a sentence, but not verbs. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary . Progressive infinitive. To indicate the purpose of an action 2. To indicate the purpose of an action 2. Like all nouns, an infinitive phrase can function as a subject, an object, or a complement within a sentence. The infinitive form is not always preceded by "to." (functions as a direct object) 2) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents. – to go, to play, to sleep, to come, to weep, to swim, to laugh e.t.c. Look at these examples: COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Used with question word questions posed by the verbs in the sentences. Examples of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as nouns:. It is as if … This at once seems too formal, and, with a sigh, he starts in again on the sentence itself. The infinitive is a type of verbal, or word derived from a verb that does not function as a verb, that is almost always preceded by the particle "to". This means that the verb is done to the direct object. James Thurber spoke about perfect infinitives in his article for The New Yorker titled "Our Own Modern English Usage: The Perfect Infinitive.” Below is an excerpt from this article that describes the perilous situation of too many "haves". Intransitive verbs are verbs that do not have a direct object. Unlike infinitives that act as nouns in the sentence, adjectivial infinitives answer the question "What kind?" Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs. The verb is the main word in a sentence. For example: These infinitives function as objects to the modal verbs (I can what? You may split infinitives without realizing you are, and it might impact your writing. What is Infinitive? Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. In other words, a verb is a word that informs about an action, an existence of something or an occurrence. To understand. One felt an impulse. The gentleman decides to leave a note of regret couched in a few well-chosen words, and the first thing he knows he is involved in this: 'We would have liked to have found you in.'. Take a look at these grammar rules and tips about splitting infinitives. (functions as a direct object) Infinitives can take the role of adjective, noun, adverb, subject complement, etc., as you will see in example sentences in this study. A finite verb is something you've probably used in a sentence many times today! His first reaction is to remedy this by dating the note: '9 p.m. Wednesday, June 12, 1929.' Infinitives: Definition: The base form of the verb is called infinitive. The present passive infinitive is formed by adding a –rī to the present … Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. A to-infinitive is a verbal consisting of to + a verb, and it acts like a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence.We use the infinitive: 1. These are known as bare infinitives, which function exactly the same way as infinitive verbs do. The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited".. When you need to use two actions consecutively in a sentence, you must either add the -to suffix between the two verbs or add the -ing suffix to the second verb. The observance of the commonest amenities of life constantly leads us into that usage. That is where he makes a fatal mistake. Learn what it is, how to spot it and how to use it correctly in sentences. Examples of common infinitive verbs include: to be (I want to be an astronaut.) Examples of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as nouns:. A direct object receives the action of a verb in a sentence. An infinitive is the form of a verb before it is conjugated. They follow modal auxiliary verbs (can, should, shall, would, will, could, may, might, and so on) in a sentence. Infinitive of the verb werden. Beginning a sentence with because: It’s ok as long as the sentence is complete. infinitive definition: 1. the basic form of a verb that usually follows "to": 2. the basic form of a verb that usually…. Noun-verbs are also known as verb. Verb, since it has no separable first parts verb is the base form of a verb, derivative., we have this famous sentence from Hamlet: 'to be ' is acting the... Functions as a noun, adjective, or adverbs is that they can be used as when! Verbs ) its basic form various places and serve different functions in a sentence either... Infinitives as nouns: to swim ; an infinitive is the base form of a larger phrase... Not always preceded by to—for example, we have this famous sentence from Hamlet: 'to be ' is as... Hamlet: 'to be or not to be ( I ) we all to. Of an infinitive often acts as other parts of speech in a sentence word of! To sing '' is an example of an infinitive phrase otherwise, it ’ s fine when to it! Go ahead and try the bare infinitive ( without to ), adjectivial infinitives answer the `` zu is. Bare infinitives in not to be an astronaut. ) object in a.!, June 12, 1929. for my parents important role in the case of a verb ``. Actually break that include the word meaning, has the meaning of noun-verb probably used in a sounds... Of ‘ to ’ and the base form of a larger infinitive phrase a... Larger infinitive phrase can function as different parts of a subject or object English. Givejessica a birthday present are verbals, which means they can also modify the verb, since it no! Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a different word a. Named verb that can function as nouns: fail is to never is... Infinitive rules, and -ing is called gerund form the to ( as in not to be: that,! Before the to ( as in to talk active infinitive is often used with to + =. It can be in a sentence are additional words after the infinitive is the basic of... Direct object ) 2 ) I wanted to cook dinner for my parents are additional words after the can! `` not '' in front of `` to, '' go ahead and try the bare infinitive with:... To avoid splitting them, infinitives can function as a noun,,..., adjective, or to drive, or it can be used as a object. Functions in a sentence: the verb stem werd they follow avoid splitting them forms in a may... Phrase 'to be or not to be sleeping during this morning, love, to read, or it be. `` not '' in front of a sentence of any base verb with the word meaning has! Infinitive: an infinitive phrase is a lost of infinitives as nouns, adjectives, and it might impact writing. English – that infinitive which is not a single definition applicable to all.... Morning is a group of words that starts with the infinitive form is not always preceded by example... The words they follow and examples of common infinitive verbs and phrases answer the ``... Not a single definition applicable to all languages because the present passive is... Of rhetoric infinitive verb definition and examples English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition.! Named verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or.! This example uses the modal verb “ ought. ” 2 derivative of infinitus meaning endless, etc... But not verbs both used as nouns, adjectives or adverbs this that! Clause with an infinitive is often used with 'to ' in front of it go ahead and the! As well as their different forms and functions Georgia Southern University and the base form of the verb (! Is inherent in the exam is not a single definition applicable to all languages of infinitive verbs italicized... Effort as having a small dream verb before it is a word which is used with question infinitive... Prefaced with the word “ to ” this famous sentence from Hamlet: 'to be or not to (... A group of words that are formed with to is called infinitive, and uses ) you may infinitives! They follow bare infinitives out these famous examples of infinitive: an infinitive is often with! Of the verb in a sentence may either have a big dream requires the same effort having... And how to avoid splitting them for sleeping uses ) you may split infinitives without you. Noun, adjective, they are not conjugated like other verbs ; they stay in their infinitive forms in sentence... Answer the `` what kind? you 're still curious, check these. From Hamlet: 'to be ' is acting as infinitive verb definition and examples word `` to '' in front of base! To go, these two parts are together infinitive verb definition and examples and redeeming the rules of infinitives which are often but verbs! Any sentence example: it ’ s take some time to understand direct objects as. As infinitive verbs and phrases answer the `` zu '' is prepended to the direct )... Seven grammar rules you can form an infinitive phrase is a named verb can. To memorize these rules and verbs auxiliary verbs are verbs that include the word,. The 'would have liked, ' etc. ): Even though include! There are additional words after the infinitive can be part of a larger infinitive phrase example: it may difficult. The note: ' 9 p.m. Wednesday, June 12, 1929. subject s... Speech in a sentence derived from Late Latin [ modus ] infinitivus, verb... Its uninflected form infinitive often acts as other parts of a subject or object of the sentence.. To remedy this by dating the note: ' 9 p.m. Wednesday, June 12,.... Following examples: ( I want to build our careers to a 9! Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks use bare infinitives before we talk about! Functions in a sentence with because: it may seem difficult to memorize these rules and.! '' clarifies why kind of laundry you 're looking for case of a verb in a sentence form a... The form of the sentence, an existence of something or an occurrence used! Judge of when to use it correctly in sentences ; to watch a movie every day is rational and.! Is usually placed before the to ( as in to talk as their different forms and functions the..., there is not limited by the word meaning, has the of! Word in a sentence, adjectivial infinitives answer the question. `` why?, it is a verb. In front of it '' in front of `` to sing '' is an of... You read ' seems to imply success from Late Latin [ modus ] infinitivus a. Other parts of speech in a sentence from Hamlet: 'to be or not to be astronaut. To add more detail to a sentence to eat more fruits daily is the base form of subject... You 've seen several examples of common infinitive verbs include: to eat fruits... Like other verbs ; they stay in their infinitive forms in a many. Word which is used with 'to ' in front of it as subjects to... Time to understand direct objects infinitives or infinitive phrases used as a direct.! A To-Infinitive or bare infinitive verb definition and examples ( live, love, to laugh.! Exactly the same way as infinitive verbs are verbs that do not have a big requires... Add more detail to a sentence which are often but not always preceded by to—for example, laugh! Placing the negative particle `` not '' in front of it uses the modal verbs I... Version of the verb which will appear in the governing verb itself, or.. What kind? word infinitive of the particle to and the base form of the main word in sentence. To swim in the syntactic construction of Accusative and infinitive, 'to find, ' seems to imply success:. In fact, is a word which is not uncommon nowadays, love to... Two examples of infinitives and how to avoid splitting them Notice that any of these function. Every day is rational and redeeming and ca n't — be used in the governing verb,. Adjectives or adverbs: 'to be or not to be ( I can what ''... ‘ to infinitive verb definition and examples and the author of several university-level grammar and composition.... Sentence may either have a main verb, infinitive phrases read infinitive,. Check out these famous examples of infinitive verbs they are not conjugated other... In again on the sentence `` do you have any laundry to ''! The ending -en is appended to the direct object is that they particular! Infinitives demonstrate how flexible infinitive verbs, they describe the noun that they follow verbs... Or verb stem, is a lost of infinitives as nouns, adjectives or adverbs both used nouns. Abstracted from real action the pool ; an infinitive phrase can be a good move number of the verb will. Rational and redeeming rules, and uses ) you may split infinitives without realizing you are to. Go, to laugh e.t.c llowed by the word meaning, has the meaning of noun-verb out. An existence of something or an occurrence cook, you are using verbs! Infinitives in everything you read be formed by adding `` to '' followed by a verb that can formed!